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Dyslexia - Early Detection for Tutors

January 3, 2017

Teachers can be some of the first to spot dyslexia in early readers

Do you suspect that one of your students is dyslexic? In their Blog 10 Things About Dyslexia Every Teacher Should Know, We Are Teachers said the following: 

When bright students continue to make the same mistakes over several days, and they can’t seem to make a connection between sounds and letters, a red flag often goes up for teachers. Nelson emphasizes that teachers have a very important role because they’re on the front lines when it comes to identifying dyslexia. She says teachers should follow their gut when it comes to screening students for dyslexia. When you see them struggling to remember sound-symbol combinations, Nelson advises, it’s time to take action. Children are generally diagnosed when they learn to read, in kindergarten or first grade, but if you suspect dyslexia in older students, it’s still a good idea to request assessment since the condition sometimes isn’t identified until much later, and early identification and treatment can make a big difference.

Since 15% of people have a reading disability, tutors should always be looking for signs. According to Reading Rockets, here are some common signs of dyslexia for Kindergarten through to 4th grade
  • Has difficulty decoding single words (reading single words in isolation)
  • May be slow to learn the connection between letters and sounds
  • May confuse small words – at/to, said/and, does/goes
  • Makes consistent reading and spelling errors including:
    • Letter reversals – d for b as in, dog for bog
    • Word reversals – tip for pit
    • Inversions – m and w, u and n
    • Transpositions – felt and left
    • Substitutions – house and home
  • May transpose number sequences and confuse arithmetic signs (+ - x / =)
  • May have trouble remembering facts
  • May be slow to learn new skills; relies heavily on memorizing without understanding
  • May be impulsive and prone to accidents
  • May have difficulty planning
  • Often uses an awkward pencil grip (fist, thumb hooked over fingers, etc.)
  • May have trouble learning to tell time
  • May have poor fine motor coordination
Categories: Parents

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